The Chihuahua is the littlest among the AKC enrolled breeds, weighing around two to six pounds. Regardless of their size, chihuahuas are brimming with life and vitality. They are alarm, quick moving and very defensive of their own family. The Chihuahua can live for quite a while, regularly accomplishing at least 16 years old. Nonetheless, they are prone to a few medical issues that are regular to little breed hounds.
It is unlikely that your Chihuahua will encounter any of these conditions recorded beneath, but, it’s significant for you as the owner to know what’s likely to occur if your Chihuahua is to become sick.
Small breed dogs, for example, Chihuahuas will in general have tooth and gum maladies. Understandably because of their small mouth, their teeth are stuffed, making it easy for dental issues to emerge. For instance, food might be caught between the teeth, causing plaque and tartar development. If untreated, over time this can result in periodontal disease, like gingivitis and periodontitis, even premature tooth loss.
Keep your Chihuahua’s teeth clean by daily brushing and regular dental checkups. Likewise keep away from snacks rich in starch and sugar.
Hypoglycemia, which is a condition of abnormally low blood sugar, is a common medical issue among Chihuahuas. This can affect the nervous system, bringing about seizures and even unconsciousness. A hypoglycemic attack might occur without warning. Lethargy, weakness, restlessness, and tremors sometimes can be the signs of low blood sugar.
A dog with a hypoglycemic attack needs speedy treatment. The reason is, even a mild case of hypoglycemia can deteriorate rapidly and can result in permanent brain damage. Of course, the most ideal method is to keep it from happening by avoiding potential risks.
This condition happens fundamentally in older small breed dogs, especially Chihuahuas, Pomeranians, and Toy Poodles. Obese dogs are more vulnerable against this medical issue.
The trachea (windpipe) is comprised of rings of ligament. Tracheal collapse happens when the tracheal rings don’t have their normal rigidity. This causes the breakdown of the trachea wall as the dog breathes in, leading to the narrowing of the windpipe. The typical indication of this issue is a goose-honk cough, with occasional gagging and harsh breathing. The symptoms are made worse by stress and exertion. Coughing may happen when the dog eats or drinks.
Bronchodilator medications can treat mile to moderate symptoms. Additionally, don’t expose your Chihuahua to unpleasant circumstances that may trigger coughing episodes. In serious cases, medical procedure might be needed. It is advisable to use a harness (not collar) on a Chihuahua to secure the dog’s throat and airway.
Chronic Valvular Disease
Small and toy breed dogs are inclined to this common heart disease of unknown reason. Dogs with this coronary disease have degenerative changes in their heart valves. Particularly, the leaflets of the valves thickens and the shape become distorted.
Therefore, the free edges of the valves doesn’t come in contact, causing lowered valve function and cardiac output.
The telltale indication of chronic valvular disease is an loud heart murmur heard over the left half of the chest.
The disease is chronic and progressive, moreover it can develop into congestive heart failure, if left untreated.
Other Chihuahua Health Problems
Other medical issues that Chihuahuas are inclined to include:
This is a leg problem that is commonly seen among Chihuahuas.
Luxating patella is an congenital disease in which the arrangement of the bones and joints of the rear leg is abnormal, results in a displacement of the patella to the side of the joint.
The primary symptom of luxating patella is an irregular jumping on the limb when the patella pops out of place. Depending on the seriousness of the issue, dogs with luxating patella may require surgical correction.
If you have a Chihuahua, you will see that he has a soft spot on the highest point of his head. It is known as a molera. This is only a breed trademark a health problem. However, Chihuahuas with an uncommonly large molera are prone to a condition called hydrocephalus, caused by an unreasonable accumulation of cerebrospinal liquid around the brain. Puppies under 9 months old are more inclined to this condition, although a few may not show symptom until they get older.
Hydrocephalus causes seizures, partial or complete blindness, dementia, and eventual death. A few dogs with a mild case of the condition may endure and grow into adulthood. Treatment includes the utilization of corticosteroids and diuretics to lessen the production of cerebrospinal liquid. In some cases medical procedure might be needed.
This is in certainty not a medical issue but you may see that your dogs will in general shiver or tremble, particularly under stress or excitement. Toy and small breed hounds have a higher rate of metabolism, making them lose body heat quicker than bigger dogs. Shivering is an approach to generate body heat. Chihuahuas ought to be always protected against the cold, so make sure to keep your Chihuahua warm with sweaters and blankets when the weather is cold.